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Transgenic cassava armed with twin illness resistance

Long a food staple in Africa, the common-or-garden cassava may be poised to develop even more vital as other crops resembling maize (corn) wither within the heat and drought of a warming climate. But agricultural scientists know that the hardy tuber has an Achilles Heel - disease - that might curb its future potential.

With that risk in thoughts, researchers on the Swiss Federal Institute of Expertise (ETH) in Zurich this week report the event of a brand new transgenic cassava variety that's immune to a pair of viral illnesses which might be common in several parts of Africa. Revealed on 25 September in PLoS One, the work is a part of a broader effort by the ETH and different institutions to work with native scientists and farmers and then develop disease-resistant strains in addition to experience inside African labs.

“If we need to get this moving into Africa, we need to have native folks on the bottom occupied with deploying this expertise,” says Herve Vanderschuren, lead writer on the research and head of a cassava analysis staff at the ETH. In parallel with the his work on illness resistant crops, Vanderschuren has labored with researchers Tanzania, Kenya and South Africa to develop a course of that permits for this work to be undertaken locally.

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Nigeria to earn $136m from cassava subsequent 12 months

To create worth within the cassava trade, Nigeria, the largest producer of cassava in the world would be exporting a complete of1.1 million metric tons of cassava chips within the next 12 months.

This may earn Nigeria about $136 million.

To capitalize on new opportunities to make use of cassava for modified starch to substitute imported corn starch, Nigeria may even be producing 280,000 metric tons of native modified cassava starch by 2015.

“We are also profiting from the rising demand for dried cassava chips in China and few days in the past, our first shipment of cassava left the shores of Nigeria to China”.

Dr Akinwunmi Ayo Adesina, Federal Minister of Agriculture and Rural Growth of Nigeria, stated these on the Regional Creating Shared Value (CSV) Discussion board right here in Lagos, Nigeria, in a speech read for him.

He stated Nigeria had succeeded in attracting a non-public investor, who could be investing six billion dollars in organising ethanol crops to use cassava and sugar cane as raw supplies to provide high fructose syrup that would replace a major share of the imported sugar utilized by smooth drink and juice industry.

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Co-op turns cassava farming into lucrative undertaking

From cassava to cash, That is the noble purpose of a rising multi-purpose cooperative right here as it seeks to improve productivity of its members who're mostly cassava farmers.

Cassava is likely one in all the main plants that thrive effectively in this town, however farmers don't earn a lot as it's highly perishable and postharvest losses were very high.

 Merchants also come into play, which often purchase farmers produce into less expensive value leaving farmers brief modification with their profit.

“The San Jose Multi-objective Cooperative (SJMPC) used to be organized to handle the necessity for better pricing and on the identical time works for equivalent good thing about cassava farmers,” mentioned SJMPC supervisor Abraham Oso.

 “The cooperative offers quite a few advantages to cassava farmers. Except for providing them access to financing, they can have patronage refund and annually dividend,” Oso said.

The rising demand for cassava in feed method offered wider opportunities to farmers as private processors provided three way partnership for the cooperative to supply them with merchandise for animal feeds.

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Cassava bread and diabetes


Obtainable evidence doesn't help the faulty belief that cassava bread just isn't wholesome for consumption. Some folks have even linked cassava bread with diabetes. This clarification turns into essential against the backdrop of the purported rejection by the House of Representatives of a bill in search of to mandate bakers to make cassava flour part of the components for making bread. I was wondering why the Home would take such choice, realizing that Nigeria is the world’s largest producer of cassava, added with the truth that the produce, which has the potential to earn thousands of Nigerians significant earnings, is not totally exploited.

Diabetes is a worldwide illness and, at current, the World Health Organisation (WHO) has substantial information on it. It's noteworthy that Nigeria will not be one of the international locations with high prevalence, and never even among the prime ten nations that can document excessive prevalence by 2030, according to a research report performed by Sarah Wild, Gojka Rojlic, et al (2004), which was administered on WHO member countries. India, China, USA, Indonesia, Pakistan, Brazil, Bangladesh, Japan, Philippines and Egypt are nations that, by 2030, can have between 7 million and 79 million people diagnosed as having diabetes. Coincidentally, these nations are the main wheat producers within the world.

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Cassava: The Rambo of Meals Crops


Fact sheet
Common Names: Yuca, Tapioca, Manioc
Species              : Manihot esculenta Crantz
Syn                    : M. ultissima Phol
Syn                    : M. aipi Phol
Family               :  Euphorbiaceae

Cassava is not really a “forgotten crop” in many parts of Africa, but because of the threat of climate change having a major impact on traditional crops - especially in the SADC region - we will discuss it here.

In our region, many farmers still prefer to plant maize, millet and sorghum – all of which stand to suffer if the region becomes more drought-prone and more arid in the years to come.

The reason is simple: Cassava offers climate change hope for Africa.

Uses

Cassava is grown for its enlarged starch-filled roots, which contain nearly the maximum theoretical concentration of starch on a dry weight basis among food crops.

Fresh roots contain about 30 percent starch and very little protein. Roots are prepared much like potato. They can be peeled and boiled, baked, or fried.

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New cassava pest seems for first time in Viet Nam


The cassava pink mealybug, an invasive pest species that can kill cassava vegetation by consuming the sap, has appeared for the primary time in Viet Nam within the south-japanese province of Tay Ninh, one of the nation's leading producers of the tuberous root.

The insect, which has appeared in lots of nations including in Southeast Asia, can spread quickly to other locations via the transport of contaminated cassava stem cuttings for planting, and can also be carried by wind, water, animals, human beings, instruments, and vehicles.

The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development on Tuesday instructed Tay Ninh and the Plant Protection Department to hold out prevention and control measures towards the pest.

The measures embody a survey of affected areas by local authorities, studies to the provincial administration and the division, and destruction of all contaminated crops beneath the latter's supervision.

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Cassava key to meals security, say scientists


An alliance of scientists has been formed to assist promote cassava, which has emerged as a “survivor” crop in a position to thrive within the expected larger temperatures engendered by climate change, a scientific convention in the Ugandan capital, Kampala, heard.

Some 300 scientists attending the second Worldwide Scientific Conference of the Global Cassava Partnership for the 21st Century (GCP-21-II) announced the alliance, named the International Cassava Modelling Consortium, which will provide a platform to world cassava researchers to share analysis information, better perceive the physiology of the plant, and discover avenues for shielding it from assaults now that it has even larger significance for the food safety of many regions within the world.

The new consortium will initially set up a loose network of scientists sharing and analysing current cassava research and historical analysis data. As it grows, the network will embrace the sharing of experiences with cassava farmers across the Tropics, with farms being handled as experimental stations in their very own right.

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Govt targets $136m income from cassava export to China

NIGERIA’s economic diversification power might inch towards realisation soon, with plan through Federal Authorities to export a million tonnes of cassava chips to China, starting from this month.

The export enterprise is expected to bouy the country’s earnings by means of $136 million (N22 billion).

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Growth, Dr. Akinwunmi Adeshina made this disclosure in Umuahia, Abia State, on Wednesday, throughout the inauguration of the Growth Enhancement Help (GES) scheme, a crucial element of the Agricultural Transformation Agenda.

The scheme was once scripted as an innovative method to fertiliser subsidy management by method of an electronic device, which guarantees that solely registered farmers’ benefit.



“Nigeria will earn $136 million simply this yr on account of this exportation and this is taking place for the primary time in our history”, Adeshina said.

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