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Cassava Fufu


Cassava fufu is processed in the old fashioned African / South American tradition of allowing peeled cassava roots to ferment, it is then pulped, sieved and dried using modern hygienic technology to produce a genuine, unadulterated fluffy white flour that is suitable in the preparation of fufu gruel, nsua, ncinga, cassava casabe, deigu/coucac, peujeum and fuku (when used with Oluolu fermented corn powder.

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Membuat Keripik Ketela Rasa Gadung

Kategori : Tanaman Sayur
Judul : Teknologi Tepat Guna MEMBUAT KERIPIK KETELA RASA GADUNG
Pengarang : N. Edy Soetanto, BE
Ukuran : 125x190
Jumlah Halaman : 28
Harga : Rp. 3.500,-

Keripik gadung merupakan produk olahan hasil pertanian yang disenangi oleh masyarakat. Namun saat ini keberadaannya sudah langka di pasaran. Selain umbi gadung sebagai bahan dasarnya sudah mulai langka, juga karena proses pembuatannya dan penetralisasian kandungan racunnya memerlukan ketelitian dan waktu yang cukup lama.
Buku ini mengenalkan pembuatan keripik ketela rasa gadung, sebagai salah satu upaya untuk mengatasi kelangkaan keripik gadung. Pokok bahasannya adalah seluk beluk tanaman ketela, bahan, peralatan, dan cara membuat keripik ketela rasa gadung, serta perhitungan biaya dan keuntungan. Dengan penyusunan yang sederhana, buku ini diharapkan dapat menjadi pedoman praktis bagi ibu-ibu rumah tangga, ibu-ibu PKK, pengusaha industri kecil, para pembina industri kecil, serta siapa saja yang ingin mengembangkan usaha di bidang makanan olahan

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Lam's Cassava Yuca Chips


New from Lam Snack Foods Inc. are these Cassava Yuca Chips.

The cassava is a plant whose root is generally used for food purposes. Yuca is the spanish word for the same plant.

I've never had cassava chips before, though I would certainly like to write a review of this product, if Lam Snack Foods wouldn't mind sending me a free sample (hint hint).

They come in two varietes, the Regular (pictured), and Garlic & Onion. (I'll try regular please!)

They come in 2.3 oz. bags priced at 99 cents.

Visit Lam Snack Foods at: http://lamsnacks.com

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Igbo-ora, Twins People Country

Believed Bears Is twins because Accustomed Eats Leaf Okro

Igbo-Ora, a sleepy farming community in southwest Nigeria, welcomes visitors with a sign proclaiming "The Land of Twins."

Home Nations of Twins. The sentence is written in monument of admission Igbo-Ora. Unique from small town in that Nigeria southwest, its(the resident a lot of twins. From generation to generation, twins birth likely becomes tradition.

"In this very hard town finds family without twins children. My father have ten twins child tides, while I am having three. But, only one tides staying, namely men and woman," says Olayide Akinyemi, 71, elite figure Igbo-Ora having 12 Childs. Most of public who live in small town is ethnic group Yoruba, majority tribe in Nigeria.

Height of twins baby birth rate in that town surprises many circles. Including the fertility experts. How not, identical twins baby birth rate in the town enough stable. That is, 0,5 percentage of world birth rate. The number based on a research done by scientist Belgia, Fernand Leroy, at 1995. According to result of the research, twins birth can happened in five % among all birth Yoruba. As comparator, 1,2 % the same case happened in West Europe, while 0,8 % in Japan.

"We of course many eating leaf okro or soup ilasa. We also consumes agida. This influences twins birth," said Akinyemi.

Some experts tells that that thing is influenced [by] consumption yam. Akinyemi also in agreement with the theory yam. Yam contains natural phytoestrogen hormone of which can stimulate two sides ovary to produce egg cell. Agida and corm yam many containing estrogen.

Besides, there [are] also many other opinion about existence of the twins birth phenomenon. Akin Odukogbe, a gynecology consultant in University Teaching Hospital ( UTH) Ibadan, tells that cause that is actually from the symptom medically has not been found.

"But, many mans who is hooking, correlating with additional food," he/she said, refers to research that woman consuming yam can produce more egg cells.

Muyibi Yomi, nurse principal in local hospital, tells that any base on genetics factor. " If a family had twins birth history, that will continue from generation to generation," he said. The woman tells that at least there are five twins baby tides from every 100 births in a month.

For public Yoruba, birth of twins baby also has other meaning. They be born twins, says Akinyemi, considered to be special award from Sang Pencipta. They also is believed brings luck.

"Twins babes usually is treated amorously darling, love, and respect Birth they are a good forerunner," continuation of Akinyemi.

That thing hardly differing from confidence at epoch before colonization. That moment, many publics killing twins babes.

Even, sometime the mothers delivering birth is twins also murdered. According to member, twins birth as ugly forerunner. Because, the mother shall be deemed to have relates to two people man so that can bear two child when at the same. The habit finally stopped by the missionaries of Skotlandia.

Tribe Public Yoruba believes that every twins baby has one men. In consequence, if(when one among twins child died, old fellow will make wood statue so-called ibeji. Believed, ibeji becomes place of cemetery of soul one among that twins child dying.

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Meatless Cassava Oiled-Down

Ingredients :

1.5 kg (3 lbs) fresh cassava
30ml (2 tbsp) vegetable oil
250ml (1 cup) chopped onion
4 cloves garlic, chopped
1/2 hot pepper, seeded and minced, optional
2 large pimento peppers, seeded and chopped
180ml (3/4 cup) fresh chive, chopped
30ml (2 tbsp) fresh thyme, chopped
750ml (3 cups) coconut milk (or from coconut milk powder)
10ml (2 tsp) Angostura® aromatic bitters
1 hot pepper, left whole, optional
15ml (1 tbsp) cooking margarine
3 tsp salt

Method :
Peel and cut cassava into 2" lengths, slice the pieces down the centre and remove the coarse inner vein. In a large heavy skillet heat oil, add onions, garlic, pepper, pimentos, chive and thyme. Sauté until fragrant, about 4 minutes. Add the coconut milk and Angostura® aromatic bitters and bring mixture to a boil, lower heat and add cassava.
Drop in whole hot pepper at this point.
Add cooking margarine and salt and stir. Cover mixture and simmer for about 25 to 30 minutes until all the coconut milk has been absorbed and the cassava is cooked and tender. There should be only a small amount of coconut oil in the pan. Remove whole hot pepper before serving.
Serves 6 – 8

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Cooking with cassava leaves

Style cooking cassava leaf from Congo

Preparation

  • Remove the old leaves and stalks until you have ten handfuls of young leaves, enough for a meal for three to four people.
  • Heat a pan of water (five litres) to boiling point.
  • Submerge handfuls of cassava leaves in the water for 4–5 minutes so as to remove the poison, then squeeze them hard to remove all the green liquid from the leaves, and then place them on a clean shelf to cool.
  • Grind the leaves in a clean mortar.

Recipe one
  • Add onions, leeks or garlic, or aubergines if available.
  • Place in a pan with just enough water to cover the ground cassava leaves. Heat the mixture for 10–15 minutes, then add a little salt and at least 40ml of unrefined palm nut oil (or any other untreated vegetable oil).
  • Tightly seal the pan and leave on low heat for at least an hour.
  • Serve with dishes such as rice, plantain bananas, chikwange or fufu paste that is prepared using cassava flour.

Recipe two

Cook the ground cassava leaves with pieces of pork meat and fat, a little salt and enough water to cover. Cook gently for an hour.

Recipe three

Cook the ground cassava leaves with plenty of groundnut paste, a little salt and enough water to cover. Cook gently for 30 minutes.

Remember that some varieties of cassava contain a lot of the poison cyanide. Use ‘sweet’ cassava varieties. After cooking, the above mixtures should not taste bitter. If they do, they should not be eaten.

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Regeneration and transformation of African cassava germplasm

Participating
institutions

Institute for Plant Sciences, ETH Zurich
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture IITA, Ibadan Nigeria
University of Ibadan, Nigeria




Cassava is an important staple for millions of people in Sub-Saharan Africa. Its tuberous roots provide carbohydrate and the leaves serve as source of protein, minerals and vitamins. Constraints to improvement, difficult to address using conventional breeding, have been identified for priority attention through biotechnology. Routine use of genetic transformation in cassava to develop enhanced germplasm for delivery to farmers requires reproducible regeneration and transformation systems to be applicable across a wide range of genotypes. Regeneration methods based on somatic embryogenesis and organogenesis, compatible with Agrobacterium-mediated transformation and biolistics, have been developed using model cassava genotypes but their general applicability to African germplasm was not assessed. The objective of this project is to transfer and improve existing regeneration and transformation protocols to a range of African cassava germplasm at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA).

The project succeeded in adapting the organogenesis-based regeneration system to more than 10 African cassava genotypes. Cyclic somatic embryogenesis, organogenesis, and plant regeneration were achieved. Friable embryogenic cultures were successfully established and maintained using the model cassava genotype (TMS 60444) and induction of friable embryogenic callus (FEC) was also demonstrated in two genotypes. Agrobacterium-mediated transformation, compatible with shoot organgenesis and FEC were successfully tested and transient GUS expression has been demonstrated in cotyledon pieces, embryogenic units and clusters.

In 2002 emphasis was placed on genetic transformation and production of transgenic plants. By combining our results on the Agrobacterium–mediated transformation and antibiotic sensitivity tests with various cassava tissues and regeneration systems, transformation experiments using marker genes were carried out. Hygromycin-resistant embryogenic units and clusters, and shoot buds were obtained from transformation studies using FEC and organogenesis regeneration systems respectively. Shoots regenerated from co-cultured cotyledon pieces were all escapes. However many GUS-positive embryogenic units and clusters were obtained from the hygromycin-resistant embryogenic units and clusters resulted from co-cultivation of FEC with three Agrobacterium strains. Plantlets were recovered from hygromycin resistant embryogenic units and clusters, which were transferred, to embryo maturation and germination media, and then to elongation medium. Shoot apex, root and leaf obtained from regenerated shoots as well as whole plantlets were tested GUS positives. These indicated that the regenerated shoots and plantlets were putative transgenic. The transgenic lines were multiplied and molecular characterisation will be carried out on these plants.

The fellow has successfully completed his PhD program. This is the first report of success in obtaining transgenic cassava plants in Africa and it will serve as a model for future testing of the capability of other farmers-preferred cultivars to be transformed and to integrate agronomically useful genes into this germplasm at IITA.

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Integrated Pest Management of Cassava Whiteflies

An integrated pest management (IPM) program for cassava pests in Valle del Cauca is being designed and implemented. Because farmers’ surveys show that the predominant pest, for both small and large farmers, is whitefly, emphasis is being given to the complex of whitefly species associated with the crop. At present, research activities for whitefly control, many funded by the Colombian Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MADR), include host-plant resistance, biological control, cultural practices, and chemical control. CIAT and CORPOICA have jointly developed a cassava variety that is resistant to whiteflies. Released in November 2002, this variety is expected to greatly aid small farmers to control this pest.

Various biological control agents, including predators, parasites, and entomopathogens have been identified and are being evaluated. An isolate of the entomopathogenic fungus Verticillium lecanii (CIAT 215) has shown highly positive results in preliminary trials, and has the potential to be commercially formulated. A predator species, Chrysopa sp., has been collected from whitefly infested cassava fields, and is being mass reared in the laboratory. It will then be evaluated in the field for whitefly control. Numerous parasitoid species of whiteflies have been identified in field surveys in three countries (Colombia, Ecuador, and Venezuela) but their efficiency in controlling high whitefly outbreaks is still being assessed.

A 2-month prohibition on growing cassava at CIAT’s Palmira station dramatically reduced whitefly populations in subsequent plantings. The prohibition is now recommended practice, especially for large-scale cassava farmers in Valle del Cauca.

Most farmers, small or large, resort to pesticide applications to control whiteflies. In a series of field trials, Confidor® (imidacloprid) gave the best results for controlling cassava whiteflies, with Actara® (thiamethoxan) also giving favorable results. However, a cost-benefit ratio study shows that, while pesticide use for larger farmers is profitable because of a guaranteed higher price for cassava roots, it may be uneconomical for small farmers. These results reinforce the idea that alternative methods must be sought for whitefly control that are efficient and cost effective for the small farmer, as well as being environmentally sound.

Contact: Anthony Bellotti



Adobe PDF document Further Information

Cassava Entomology, Annual Report 2002 (1135 kb)

The System Wide Tropical Whitefly IPM Project: From Phase 1 to Phase 2, Annual Report 2002 (180 kb)

hyperlink.gif (169 bytes) Related Web Site

Tropical Whitefly IPM Project
A Cassava Variety Resistant to Whitefly

Nataima-31: A cassava variety resistant to whiteflyWhitefly resistance in agricultural crops is generally rare, and control usually requires the continued use of agrochemicals. Pesticide use reduces farmers’ income, and is especially detrimental to small farmers who do not have easy access to credit for purchasing costly inputs. Host-plant resistance (HPR) offers a low-cost, efficient, and easy-to-use technology for controlling major pests in cassava, such as whiteflies.

Several good sources of resistance to whiteflies have been identified in cassava, and high-yielding, whitefly resistant, cassava hybrids are being developed. The hybrid CG 489-31 (CIAT breeding code) is officially being released by CORPOICA in November 2002, under the varietal name ‘Nataima-31’, probably the first of a food crop to be released for whitefly resistance. This variety was developed over 15 years in a collaborative effort between CIAT and CORPOICA. Especially for small cassava farmers, ‘Nataima-31’ is a high quality, high-yielding, cassava variety that will require little or no pesticide use. It is also moderately resistant to thrips and mites.

Contact: Anthony Bellotti


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Frogskin Cassava

Detecting a Phytoplasm Associated with Frogskin Disease in Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) in Colombia

Frogskin (FSD) is an important cassava disease that affects roots. The causal agent remains unknown, even though it has been reported with increasing frequency in Colombia, Brazil, and Venezuela. Yield losses close to 90% have been reported in commercial fields in Colombia.

The specific primers R16mF2/R16mR1 and R16F2n/R16R2 were used in a nested PCR assay to detect and confirm that phytoplasms were associated with FSD. To characterize and subsequently classify the phytoplasms, two pairs of universal primers (P1/P7 and R16F2n/R2) were used to amplify the 16S rDNA gene. Root, stem, leaf, and flower samples were taken from symptomatic plants, and 1.2-kb fragments amplified.

Sequence analysis of the cloned fragments revealed that the phytoplasms found were similar to the Chinaberry yellows phytoplasm (GenBank acc. no. AF495657, 16SrXIII Mexican periwinkle virescence group) and the Cirsium white leaf phytoplasm (GenBank acc. no. AF373106, 16SrIII X-disease group), both with a sequence homology of 100% and 99%, respectively.

The presence of phytoplasms was confirmed by the DAPI and Dienes’ staining methods and by grafting. This is the first report of phytoplasms associated with FSD in cassava.

Contact: Elizabeth Alvarez

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